扫一扫 免费咨询
办公室电话 0731-88626137
湖南成人高考网 > 高起点辅导资料 > 外语 > 2021高起专英语考试大纲重点汇总(十三)真题解析+完型填空和阅读理解

2021高起专英语考试大纲重点汇总(十三)真题解析+完型填空和阅读理解

湖南成人高考网 2021-10-15 10:24:29

免费课程 扫码预约

扫一扫 免费预约

真题解析:

假设你是李华,写邮件邀请你的留学生朋友 Tim 到你家一起过中秋。邮件的主要内容包括:

1.中秋节是中国的重要节日;

2.家庭团圆、品尝月饼是节日传统;

3.父母都很欢迎他,妈妈会准备美味佳肴。

注意:1.词数应为 100 左右2.生词:中秋节 the Mid-autumn Festival; 传统 tradition

范文

Dear Tim,

The Mid-autumn Festival is coming soon.I am writing to invite you to spend the festival with my family.The Mid-autumn Festival is one of the most important traditional festivals in china.On that day,people usually come back/return home,and stay with their family.Having a delicious dinner ,eating moon cakes.And then,some people could appropriate the full moon with their familyor friends,other people could watch TV show stay at home.My parents hope/ want you to join us that day.My mom will prepare tasty Chinese food for us.I think we will spend a very happy time.Looking forward to your coming.

Yours,

Li Hua

六、完形填空和阅读理解

(一)完型填空

完型填空主要考察词汇量,通常选用的是一篇短文,多为叙事或小故事,极少考察时态和复合句的用法,主要考察词汇量和固定搭配。文章的内容一般没有特别难懂和高级的词汇,故建议学生多背常用单词,阅读一些简单的英文小故事。

(二)阅读理解

1、 阅读理解类型

根据以往惯例,阅读理解的文章多选用故事或者图表的方式,议论文、说明文和应用文这几个文体选用的文章难度也不高,故阅读难度有所降低。

2、答题技巧

(1)先看问题再读文章寻找答案。首先将具体的问题了然于胸,然后根据问题去读文章,一般来说,文章问题的排版有顺序可寻,一般是一段设置一个问题,问题的设置跟段落的排版平行。

例如:

【2019 年真题】A Some farmers in California are having a hard time picking their crops. Thereare not enough workers to help them with the harvest.加利福尼亚的一些农场主没有时间收取果实,因为雇不到足够的工人帮他们进行收获。One farmer used to grow peaches(桃子),but will soon grow almonds(杏仁)instead. Peaches require more labor to harvest. They are easy to be damaged and need careful hand picking. He is now removing his peach trees. Then he will plant almond trees in their places. Almonds are harvested differently. It does not take as many workers to pick them because a machine shakes the almond trees. The nuts fall on the ground and then are gathered up. The farmer does not have to hire many workers.

有一个农场主以前是种桃子的,但是即将该种杏仁。桃子需要更多劳动力进行收获,因为它们很容易在摘取的过程中被弄坏,所以需要更加小心。他现在正在砍伐他的桃树,他打算改种杏仁树。杏仁其实也需要花很多时间采摘,但是他们可以用机器收获来代替人力。果实掉在地上然后被收集起来就好,农场主就不需要雇佣更多的工人。

36、What problem do some farmers have?

A. They have no workers to remove fruit trees.

B. There is little land for growing fruit.

C. Their crops were badly damaged last year.

D. It's difficult to harvest their crops.

37、Why does the peach farmer start to plant almonds?

A. There is a greater demand for almonds.

B. Growing almonds takes much less land.

C. A machine can help get almonds off the trees.

D. Almonds will fall on the ground when ripe.

37题的答案在第一段,顺延下来 37 题的答案在第二段。

(2)在文中寻找关键字

例:上一个例子第 37 题,为什么农场主改种杏树?关键字“why”

Almonds are harvested differently. It does not take as many workers to pick them because a machine shakes the almond trees. The nuts fall on the ground and then are gathered up. The farmer does not have to hire many workers. 答案则是因为可以用机器收获。

(2)Then Mark stood up. "This is my favorite rock, called pumice(浮石)。 ”Then Mark dropped the rock into a glass of water. " Look! Pumice is the only rock that floats! "

44、Who shared with the class a rock that floats?

A. Lisa.  B. Kara.  C. Justin.  D. Mark.

例 2 中关键词为“who”和“rock that floats”就算不太清楚意思,也很容易在文中找到相关的关键词从而确定答案。

(3)图表题的答题技巧:图表题一般都只有重要的内容,非常简洁容易把握,所以也是比较好回答的题目,一般来说就是在图表中寻找关键词。

例如:【2018 年】 In which country are respondents over 45 more likely to feel happily matched thanyounger people?

A.Canada.  B.France.  C.India.  D.The U.S.

找到关键词就是找到答案的重点,在美国、巴西‘和英国 45 岁以上的人觉得比年轻人更满意自己的婚姻。

(4)注意问法和文中同义句的转换

例如上题中美国就可以是 The.U.S 也可以是 American。

【2019 年】To settle the problem, farmers hope the government might allow these workers to work as guests. That would help workers provide for their family and help farmers harvest their crops.When the harvest season is over they'll go back home. Farmers say that unless things change, more fruits will come from other countries. This is because labor is cheaper in those countries than in the United States. It' s said that human beings have restless ( 不 安分 的) hearts, but this month' s global survey ( 调查)suggests otherwise. On average, 68 percent of the respondents (调查对象)in 15 countries would again say“I do” to their husbands or wives. In the United States,Brazil, and Great Britain, respondents over 45 are more likely than younger people to feel satisfied with their choices. But in Canada, France, India, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Spain, it's the 45-and-unders who feel more happily matched.

为了解决问题,农场主们希望政府可以允许外来员工像个客人一样(以礼相待)。那可以帮助工人带上他们的家人一起来务工。当收获季节过去之后他们又携家带口回。农场主们除非事情发生转变(也就是接受他们以上的建议),更多的水果将会依赖进口,因为其他国家的劳动力比美国的更廉价。

39、What will happen if the situation does not improve?

A. The government will hire workers to help with the harvest.

B. More people will move to California from Mexico.

C.Other countries will provide cheaper labor for US farmers.

D. More fruits will be bought from other countries.

题目问题 What will happen if the situation does not improve?如果事情没有转机会发生什么,我们在文中找到的是 unless things change, (除非事情改变)后面接的就是不改变的后果,更多水果会依赖进口。关键字进行了转换,但是意思是没变的,要注意这一点。

免责声明:由于考试政策、内容等各方面情况的不断调整与变化,湖南成人高考网(www.hunanchengkao.com)提供的上述信息仅供参考,如对内容存在异议,请考生以权威部门公布的为准!

考试提醒

2022年湖南成人高考还有

考试时间:10月22日 - 23日

关注公众号

扫一扫关注微信公众号

及时获取成考政策、通知、公告以及
各类学习资料、学习方法、教程